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Child Trafficking 

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What is child trafficking? Trafficking is where children and young people tricked, forced or persuaded to leave their homes and are moved or transported and then exploited, forced to work or sold. Children are trafficked for: sexual exploitation. benefit fraud.

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What is child trafficking?

What is child trafficking? Trafficking is where children and young people tricked, forced or persuaded to leave their homes and are moved or transported and then exploited, forced to work or sold. Children are trafficked for: sexual exploitation. benefit fraud.

What You Need to Know About Child Trafficking 

What are the top 5 states in the USA for child trafficking?

Worst States for Human Trafficking

  • California – 1334.

  • Texas – 917.

  • Florida – 781.

  • New York – 404.

  • Michigan – 295.

  • Ohio – 291.

  • Georgia – 281.

  • Illinois – 243.   


How do child traffickers get their victims?

Traffickers swoop in with false promises of good jobs and a better life. One common way that traffickers target their victims is through deception. They often pose as legitimate recruiters or employment agencies and promise their victims high-paying jobs, travel opportunities, or educational programs.

What is the most common form of child trafficking?

Sex Trafficking. Sex trafficking is the most prevalent form of human trafficking in the United States 

What do child traffickers look for?

Traffickers will look for vulnerable children of all social/ethnic backgrounds that exhibit specific psychological characteristics that make them more prone to manipulation. In this stage, the trafficker will look for an “open door” by which to start the process of manipulation.

How do people get trafficked?

Human trafficking is the business of stealing freedom for profit. In some cases, traffickers trick, defraud or physically force victims into providing commercial sex. In others, victims are lied to, assaulted, threatened or manipulated into working under inhumane, illegal or otherwise unacceptable conditions.

Where do kids get trafficked from the most?

About 50,000 people, primarily from Mexico and the Philippines, are trafficked into the U.S. annually. According to the Federal Human Trafficking Report, “In 2018, over half (51.6%) of the criminal human trafficking cases active in the U.S. were sex trafficking cases involving only children. ”Jul 27, 2023

What happens to trafficked girls when they get older?

Survivors often experience depression, anxiety, insomnia, flashbacks, aches and pains, and other physical ailments, often limiting their ability to work and take part in society. They struggle to provide financially for their families or even to have money for food or to get health care. Aug 27, 2019

What happens to trafficked babies?

Across the globe, traffickers buy and sell children, exploiting them for sex and forced labor, and moving them across international borders.

Warning Signs

Since human trafficking is often a crime that is hidden in plain sight, it is important to be aware of its warning signs. Some indications that a person may be a victim of human trafficking include (especially in the case of women and children):


  • Appearing malnourished

  • Showing signs of physical injuries and abuse

  • Avoiding eye contact, social interaction, and authority figures/law enforcement

  • Seeming to adhere to scripted or rehearsed responses in social interaction

  • Lacking official identification documents

  • Appearing destitute/lacking personal possessions

  • Working excessively long hours

  • Living at place of employment

  • Checking into hotels/motels with older males, and referring to those males as boyfriend or “daddy,” which is often street slang for pimp

  • Poor physical or dental health 

  • Tattoos/ branding on the neck and/or lower back

  • Untreated sexually transmitted diseases

  • Small children serving in a family restaurant

  • Security measures that appear to keep people inside an establishment - barbed wire inside of a fence, bars covering the insides of windows

  • Not allowing people to go into public alone, or speak for themselves


These warning signs are adapted from information provided by the Polaris Project and its National Human Trafficking Resource Center and Innocents at Risk.

Where is human trafficking the worst in the US?

In the United States, human trafficking tends to occur around international travel hubs with large immigrant populations, notably in California, Texas, and Georgia. Those trafficked include young children, teenagers, men, and women; victims can be domestic citizens or foreign nationals.

How common is human trafficking?

With an estimated 27.6 million victims worldwide at any given time, human traffickers prey on people of all ages, backgrounds, and nationalities, exploiting them for their own profit.

What gender is trafficked the most?


While boys and men are victims as well, most individuals identified as trafficked for both labor and commercial sex are women and girls. Apr 24, 2023

Who is most at risk for child trafficking?

Immigrant and refugee children are vulnerable to sex trafficking, especially when they are unaccompanied by a parent or guardian. Factors prompting migration may elevate the risk of sexual exploitation, including violence in the community or within the home, armed conflict and prominent gang activity in the area.

How do traffickers lure victims?

Many sex traffickers lure victims by providing basic survival needs. They systematically provide distorted versions of higher needs to manipulate victims. Using threats, force and coercion, traffickers exploit the fact that, for many victims, “the life” may be their first experience of 'family' and belonging.

How do most victims meet their traffickers?

They need to have access to the victim, either in person or through the internet to lure them into the sex trafficking situation. Many victims are lured by sex traffickers on social media, promising things or a future together.

Who is buying trafficked children?

The answer: Many otherwise ordinary men. They could be your co-worker, doctor, pastor or spouse. “They're in all walks of life,” a 17-year-old survivor from the Midwest, trafficked when she was 15, said about the more than 150 men who purchased her in a month. “Some could be upstanding people in the community. Jan 30, 2018

What age do traffickers target?

Average age of exploitation is 12-15 years old in the U.S.

Why do boys get trafficked?

Negative life experiences, adverse childhood experiences, mental health, medical issues, as well as substance use issues are contributing factors to men and boys experiencing human trafficking.

Who is a potential trafficker most likely to be?

There is no evidence that traffickers are more likely to be of a particular race, nationality, gender, or sexual orientation. They may be family members, romantic partners, acquaintances, or strangers.

Do trafficked people get paid?

Compensation limit
Survivors of human trafficking may get compensated up to $10,000 per year of their trafficking experience, for a maximum of 2 years.

Why are so many children trafficked?

Mass displacement, conflict, extreme poverty, lack of access to education and job opportunities, violence and harmful social norms like child marriage are all factors that push individuals into situations of trafficking. Jan 13, 2017

What Fuels Human Trafficking? | UNICEF USA

What is the most common way to get trafficked?

Common methods used to traffick humans include:

  • Seduction and romance.

  • False job advertisements.

  • Lies about educational or travel opportunities.

  • Sale by family.

  • Recruitment through former slaves.

  • Abuse of religious beliefs.

  • Abduction.

  • Forced pregnancy or sale. 

How are most girls trafficked?

Methods of Coercion, Recruitment, and Enslavement
Many victims are sold into the sex trade by parents, husbands, and significant others, whereas others are unwillingly and forcibly kidnapped by traffickers.

Sex Trafficking of Women and Girls - PMC - NCBI 

How often do girls get trafficked?

Of the 600,000-800,000 people trafficked across international borders each year, 70 percent are female and 50 percent are children. The majority of these victims are forced into the commercial sex trade. (Ibid.) Each year, an estimated 14,500 to 17,500 foreign nationals are trafficked into the United States.

Human Trafficking › ovc_archives  › ncvrw

How often do kids get trafficked?

Trafficking of children has been documented in every region of the world. A widely used figure regarding the prevalence of this practice is provided by the ILO, which estimates that 1.2 million children are trafficked each year; this estimate includes cross-border and internal trafficking.

Where does the US rank in child trafficking?

The United States is again ranked as one of the worst countries in the world for human trafficking. According to a recently released report by the State Department, the top three nations of origin for victims of human trafficking in 2018 were the United States, Mexico and the Philippines.

Where do human traffickers look for victims?

Locations. Victims can be found in legal and illegal labor industries, including child care, elder care, the drug trade, massage parlors, nail and hair salons, restaurants, hotels, factories, and farms. In some cases, victims are hidden behind doors in domestic servitude in a home. Jun 26, 2023

What city has highest human trafficking?

San Jose, California. California has consistently had the highest number of human trafficking cases. 1,334 cases were reported in 2021, while 1,507 cases were recorded in the previous. A large number of these cases come from San Jose, California. Jun 14, 2023

What is an angel cut human trafficking?

Angel Cut: The client is in immediate danger and police need to be contacted immediately. Angel Cut with layers: The client is being forced to get a haircut against their will and the stylists will refuse the service. Jan 17, 2023

How can we stop child trafficking?

Report a Tip. Contact the National Human Trafficking Hotline if you have any concerns about a potential trafficking situation. Call 1-888-373-7888, text HELP to BEFREE (233733), or email

What age group is most affected by human trafficking?

Children account for half of the victims of human trafficking. In fact, the average age that a young person becomes involved in sex trafficking is 12 years old. If the victim is a minor, no force, fraud, or coercion is necessary to prove trafficking.

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